LANDSLIDE IN HIMACHAL PRADESH:


Himalayas Major development projects in the Himalayas, such as blowing up vulnerable hills and coastal rivers, have been shown to claim many lives and livelihoods.

It rained for three days in many parts of Himachal Pradesh. On the 3rd, heavy rain fell in Mandi, Kangra and Shimla. In total, 84 large and small roads are closed in the state. Landslides and landslides strongly affect traffic. The authorities issued a statement urging people to take precautions when traveling.

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) said the incident occurred at around 12:45 pm on the Rekong-Peo Shimla highway in the Kinnaur region. Vehicles such as the aforementioned HRTCC bus and truck reportedly fell into debris.
Border patrols say their troops rushed to the site of the landslide and are now working to rescue those trapped.

A landslide hit buses and other vehicles in the Kinaur area of ​​Himachal Pradesh on Wednesday, killing four people and raising fears that more than 40 people would be buried under . Rescue operations in the wake of the devastating incident are ongoing, authorities said, and at least 10 casualties began rescue operations from the crash site .

Heavy rainfall and flooding have been the main causes in the hilly state of Himachal Pradesh in recent years. However, the loss of life due to natural disasters can be attributed mainly to more active human intervention, especially in the environmentally vulnerable Himalayas.

The Himachal Pradesh Mountains are naturally young and fragile, as part of the Himalayan Mountains, so cracks and cracks in the rock may expand in the future, leading to the formation of zones of collapse or collapse of slopes (slope collapse).
A video of the terrifying landslide was released in Chamba, Himachal Pradesh. No casualties have been reported yet, but authorities have not excluded them. The first video captures what the beginning of the landslide looked like. When the onlookers shouted: “Come out, go away,” a solid stone rolled down the hill.

The mountainous landscape of Himachal Pradesh is always prone to erosion and geological impacts, making the area highly vulnerable to natural disasters. Between July and the first week of August, the country has experienced four major natural disasters in the past month, killing at least 200 people in the past three months, according to a report by the Center .

The Ministry of the Environment has developed a national climate change strategy and action plan as part of the 2012 national climate change action plan. “Deforestation, landslides, land degradation, desertification and glacial lake flooding (GLOF) are the most common but serious environmental problems in the Himalayas. The biggest challenge facing the Himalayan environment today is the escalation of problems caused by atmospheric and anthropogenic disturbances.

Although Himachal Pradesh is a small country in the Himalayas, it still plays a very important role in providing livelihoods in the downstream regions. Conserving and conserving this ecologically sensitive area is currently the biggest challenge, which can be exacerbated by financial constraints and limited resources.

It is difficult to relate individual events to climate change because it implies a wider shift in mean time for a given region. A recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) found that a 1.5 ° C increase in global temperatures from pre-industrial levels is inevitable over the next 20 years, which also indicates a rise in temperature. Snow strips (parts of mountain peaks that are always covered with snow) rise higher.

As a result, there are forecasts for an increase in the number of extreme events, such as longer and more severe droughts and shorter and heavier rains. This means that activities such as road construction and high-rise heavy concrete structures increase the risk of natural disasters and have consequences for people .

Environmental reports are already showing this effect. Temperatures in the northwest Himalayas have increased by 1.6 ° C over the past century. The rate of warming in Shimla in 1991-2002. Since 1996, there has been a decrease in precipitation in Shimla by about 17%. The downward trend in seasonal snowfall in Shimla has been very pronounced since 1990 and is the lowest in 2009.

The monsoon flow of the Bis has decreased significantly. Winter runoff into the Chenab River has also increased significantly.

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