Children’s day: Festivals are a very integral part of human life. We cannot think of our life without festivals. Our life would have been colorless, and joyless if festivals were not there.
Festivals play an important role in spreading joy, humanity, kindness, trust, and positivity all over the world. Festivals may be different from one place to another, but their only intention is to bring back happiness in the life of human beings.
Since every Human being loves to celebrate festivals irrespective of his age, gender, religion, region, and status. However, it is a human tendency that we love to spend time with our loved ones. We want to create sweet memories and keep them alive with us.
India is famous for its various festivals. Children’s day is celebrated in India every year. It is a one-day festival. Since it is a festival to mark the birth of Jawaharlal Nehru (First Indian Prime Minister) and to remember his contribution towards this magnificent, and amazing country. Children’s day commences on 14th November every year.
It is a National festival, and there will be a national holiday all across the country on this day. On this day children enjoy their holiday in various ways. On this day teachers perform amazing performances and remember various contributions of the first Prime Minister of India.
EARLY LIFE OF JAWAHARLAL NEHRU:
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad in British India. Also, he was born as a son of Motilal Nehru and his mother Swarupa Rani Thussu. Since Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son to his parents and had two sisters.
Vijaya Lakshmi and Krishna Hutheesing are the two sisters of Jawaharlal Nehru. However, his father had him educated at home by private tutors and governesses. However, in childhood, he studied Buddhist and Hindu scriptures.
Jawaharlal Nehru Completed his graduation from Trinity College, Cambridge in October 1907. Since he graduated with an honors degree in natural science. Jawaharlal Nehru studied and had knowledge of Politics, economics, history, and literature.
ROLE OF JAWAHARLAL NEHRU IN INDIAN INDEPENDENCE STRUGGLE:
Jawaharlal Nehru was a pioneering face and top leader of the Indian struggle for its Independence. Since he played an important role in the struggle for independence. Jawaharlal Nehru actively took part in Indian politics from 1913.
However, Nehru led the Non-co-operation movement in the United Provinces in 1920. He was arrested for his anti-government activities against the British in 1921, but the ChauriChaura incident led to the sudden closure of the Non-Co-operation Movement.
This sudden closure of the Non-Co-operation movement made many freedom fighters upset as this movement was at its peak. Motilal Nehru formed a new political party named Swaraj Party. It demanded complete Swarajya of India.
Jawaharlal Nehru knew that it will be too difficult for India to achieve its independence from the British without a strong foreign ally, and foreign support.
Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the first leaders to demand that the Congress party should break all ties with the British Empire. In 1928, Mahatma Gandhi agreed to the demands of Jawaharlal Nehru and presented a resolution in front of the British, and gave them 2 years of time.
But Jawaharlal Nehru again strongly disagreed with Mahatma Gandhi. Jawaharlal Nehru did not want to give that time to the British, he wanted that it should happen as soon as possible.
Finally, an agreement was made, and 1 year of time was given. Nehru agreed on this, but the British disagreed with this demand. At midnight on New Year’sEve 1929, Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tricolor flag of India.
Jawaharlal Nehru was the leading face in the salt march which was led by Mahatma Gandhi to show his disobedience on the taxes imposed on Salt. This is also known as civil disobedience or salt satyagraha. This movement was able to gain the attention of the British and many other prominent countries of the world. He also played a very important role in Quit India Movement, the opposition of the Cripps Mission, Elections of India, the Non-co-operation movement, and many other movements. Jawaharlal Nehru was jailed for his involvement in all these activities.
Role as Prime Minister of India:
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Indian Prime Minister. He served as India’s Prime Minister for 18 years. SadarVallabhbhai Patel integrated many Indian Princely states and made them part of India. Jawaharlal Nehru played an important role in bringing the State Reorganisation act in 1956.
This act was a major reform of the boundaries of India’s states and territories. This state determined the way all Indian States will function. Jawaharlal Nehru pointedly observed that no princely state could prevail military against the army of independent India.
He was sure that independent India will not accept the Divine right of Kings, and he too played a very important role in the merger of many princely states of India.
Conclusion of the Celebration of Children’s day::
Jawaharlal Nehru played a very important role in many policies, which India still follows. He isknown for his NAM policy (Non-Alignment Policy). India neither supported the USA nor Russia during the Cold War which existed between the USA and Russia for a long time.
He made serious changes in Hindu Marriage law to avoid discrimination, and to criminalize caste discrimination, and increase the legal rights and social freedoms of women.
However, we cannot ignore and forget the sacrifices made by Jawaharlal Nehru and blame him for some of his wrong decisions, at that time it might have seemed right from his perspective and it adversely affecting India now.
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